Those sentences are called If Clause or Conditional sentences. It is used whenever we want to talk about conditional situation, in which one event might not happen if the other event does not happen.

Boys and Girls! Are you familiar with these expressions?

If I have some time, I will definitely call you.

If she were the moon in the sky, I would be her sun constantly chasing her.

If I had not tell him the truth, he would have been angry with me until now.

Those sentences are called If Clause or Conditional sentences. It is used whenever we want to talk about conditional situation, in which one event might not happen if the other event does not happen. Below is the formula:

TYPE

IF CLAUSE

MAIN CLAUSE

I

Simple Present 

will-future (or Modal + infinitive)

II

Simple Past 

would + infinitive *

III

Past Perfect

would + have + past participle *

Now, go ahead and try to make sentences with those formulas.  You can put the if clause (the clause with if as the conjunction) either in the front or in the back of a sentence. Thus, the sentence: “If you give me the money, I will buy you a car” and “I will buy you a car if you give me the money” are grammatically correct. Remember to put a comma if you use the if clause at the beginning of the sentence yea!

Now, if you still do not know the meaning of the three types of if clauses, below is the simple way to memorize it:

There are three types of the if-clauses.

TYPE

CONDITION

I

Condition possible to fulfill

II

Condition in theory possible to fulfill

III

Condition not possible to fulfill (too late)

Now that you know how to make the sentence and when to use it, it is the time for you to practice if with your friends both written and spoken. Keep learning English boys and girls! DO NOT GIVE UP!!! XOXO

 

Written By Nafie Nevan

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